Egypt is a fascinating country with a rich history and culture that attracts millions of tourists every year. Its official language is Arabic, and the capital is Cairo. Egypt is a republic with a semi-presidential system of government. It is known for being the home of the First Dynasty, one of the earliest civilizations in the world. Egypt covers an area of approximately 1,001,450 square kilometers and has a population of around 107 million people as of 2023. The currency used in Egypt is the Egyptian pound, and the time zone is Eastern European Time (EET). The internet TLD is .eg, and the calling code is +20.
Egypt is the sixteenth most populous country in the world, with the majority of its population living near the Nile River. The country is divided into 27 governorates and is bordered by Libya, Sudan, Israel, and the Gaza Strip. Egypt is a transcontinental nation, possessing a land bridge between Africa and Asia, which is traversed by the Suez Canal, a navigable waterway that connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Indian Ocean via the Red Sea.